Saturday, 23 April 2011

How to Start EMU Business:


Emu Model Project

Investments:
Buying 10 pairs of 3 months old Emu birds
Cost Rs. 2,00,000(INR)
Cost  of Fencing Rs. 70,000/- (one time)
Feed cost per year for 10 pairs of emu birds  -Rs.90,000/-
Income:
Emu birds start laying eggs after 18 months
First time 10 pairs of emu will give 100 egss
Second time  10 pairs of emu brids will give 200 eggs
third time  10 pairs of emu brids will give 300 eggs + plus
       Emu bird lays eggs only between October to march every year
•    As per this model project the Total Investment is Rs.3,60,000/- INR (One time Investment)
•    Income from this model project will be Rs 3.00,000 INR for every year (Todays market value per egg is Rs.1000/- so (300 eggs X Rs.1000/- = Rs.3,00,000/- INR )
•    This income will continue for 30 years as emu will lay eggs for more than 30 years.
•    Why Emu Farm India?
•    At a time when Emu Farming is blooming in the country and there are a good many Emu farms competing against one another, one must be absolutely sure about the company one chooses.
•    Besides choosing an american DNA model for Emu birds which gives you a 30% increase in profits as compared to normal birds, we also have created myriad business models and packages which will suit you irrespective of your requirements.

setting up ostrich farm
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Ostrich farming is an opportunity in India. At present the ostrich meat ranks highest among health foods in Europe. Ostrich a large flightless hardy bird of African origin can survive in temperatures ranging from two degrees to fifty degrees Celsius. It can be reared on barren land and mainly consumes Alfa-alfa, Lucerne and water.

Male ostriches are black, with white wings and tail. The white feathers of the male, which are large and soft, are the ostrich plumes of commercial value. The female is dull greyish brown. The males are polygamous, and move with three or four females or in groups of four or five males accompanied by mates and young ones. The females lay their yellowish white eggs together in a single large depression in the sand. The eggs weigh about 1.48 kg. each and have a volume of about 1.4 liters. The male sits on them at night and the female incubates them by day. The life expectancy is about 60-70 years.

The first organised ostrich farm was established for feathers in about 1863 in Karoo and Eastern Cape region of South Africa.

Advantages of Ostrich farming
The bird can be reared in paddock alongwith sheep, goat and cattle.

ii. The birds need no dipping, drenching, milking and shearing.

iii. The adaptability of the bird is equally high on annual and perennial pastures or scrub.

iv. The bird can be reared both in hot and freezing temperatures.

v. The bird has shown high sustainability in irrigated as well as rainfed farming environments.

vi. There is virtually no waste products in the bird.

vii. The size of the farm is not a limiting factor.

viii. The added value segments all along the products is very high.

The limiting factors that can be prudently managed are :

i. High capital investments for setting up of the farms.

ii. The markets for meat and its byproducts are not easily accessible.

iii. The high penalties for slaughtering older birds (20 months and above) in the European countries.

iv. The birds are potential and vulnerable for avian disorders particularly for Newcastle disease.


A beginning has been made to promote ostrich farms in India through Indo-French Seminar on “Advanced Food Technology and Ostrich Farming” organised on 25 February 1997 at Bangalore by Greater Mysore, Chamber of Industry (GMCI) in association with Karnataka Agro Industries Corporation (KAIC), and was co-sponsored by Indian Overseas Bank.

Breeding specifications


Social Life ------------- 1 male for 2 females

Duration of life ------------- 70 years

Breeding years ------------- 30 years

Laying -------------- 60 eggs average per breeding

Fattening birds --------------30 (12 months)

Egg weight --------------- 1.6 kg (24 hen eggs weight)

Mortality ------------------ Nil (upto 3 months age)

Food ---------------- secial diet and fresh food

Particular nature ------------ growth of 1 cm/day during the 1st 6 months

Slaughtering age ------------------ 12 months

Meat Output ---------------------- 30-35 kg fillet and steak

Skin output ---------------------- 1.40 m2


PRODUCTION SYSTEM :

i) Is based on the symbosis of 2 different rearing technics : poultry and cow farming.

ii) Production is a semi-intensive farming : indoors and outdoors (building and free space)


Technical specifications for an ostrich farm

Age ---------------- Indoor------------------------ Outdoor

1-21 days----------- building 0.5 sq.m./bird--------according to climate
3-5 sq.m/bird

22-90 days-------- building 1.00 sq.m/bird-----------required 10sq.m./bird

90 days - 300 days------ open shelter-----------------minimum 50 sq.m
1 sq.m./bird 100 sq.m./bird
slaughtering)
l minimum space 1000
sq.m
Breeders/Selection-


12 months and older------open shelter----------------500-800 sq.m./bird

5 sq.m./bird minimum space 1000sq.m.


Note : (i) The open shelter should offer protection on 3 sides with a door on the 4th side.

The opening will be minimum 1.50 wide. The shelter will be minimum 2.50 m high.

(ii) The fence will be minimum 1.50 m high for the birds and breeders (accordingto the farm and objectives) with a post for every 4 meters.

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